HUMANITARIAN

ACCESS

OVERVIEW

A snapshot of the most challenging contexts

July 2020

Over the past months the humanitarian access has deteriorated in Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, India, Iraq, Iran, Kenya, Lebanon, 

and Turkey among other countries

Where are the biggest access constraints?

ERITREA

SYRIA

YEMEN

countries with 

extreme access constraints

3

AFGHANISTAN

BANGLADESH

DRC

IRAQ

IRAN

LIBYA 

MALI

MYANMAR

NIGERIA

STATE OF PALESTINE 

SOMALIA

SOUTH SUDAN

VENEZUELA

13

countries with very

high access constraints

BURKINA FASO

BURUNDI

CAMEROON

CAR

CHAD

COLOMBIA

DPRK

ETHIOPIA

INDIA

KENYA

LEBANON

NIGER

PAKISTAN

SUDAN

TURKEY

UGANDA

UKRAINE

countries with 

high access constraints

17

COVID-19 mainly influenced people’s access to services and assistance, and humanitarian actors’ access across and within countries

Access of People in Need to Aid is the indicator that has deteriorated the most worldwide over the past months

How are the access levels being calculated?

Our methodology groups 9 indicators under 3 dimensions:

• Impediments to entry into country

• Restriction of movement

• Interference with humanitarian activities

• Violence against personnel, facilities, and assets

2. Access of humanitarian actors to affected population 

1. Access of people in need to humanitarian aid

3. Security and physical constraints

• Denial of humanitarian needs

• Restriction of access to services and assistance

• Ongoing insecurity / Active hostilities

• Presence of UXO and mines

• Physical constraints

Our analysts scored each context on nine variables in order to rank and compare humanitarian access worldwide

Each indicator is given a score from 0 to 3 and marked ‘X’ where there was a lack of information.

The overall access score by country is ranked according to the following scale:

5 - Extreme access constraints

4 - Very high access constraints

3 - High access constraints 

2 - Moderate access constraints 

1 - Low access constraints 

0 - No significant access constraints

Contact


Angeliki Nika, Methodology adviser

an(at)acaps.org