A snapshot of the most challenging contexts
Four new countries – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Eswatini, and Vietnam –
have entered the ranking since the last ACAPS Humanitarian Access
report, released in July 2020
Where are the biggest access constraints?
extreme access constraints
high access constraints
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CAR)
DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF KOREA (DPRK)
countries with very
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (DRC)
The most affected indicators in the last six months are 'restrictions and obstruction of access
to services and assistance' and 'physicals constraints in the environment'
Our analysts scored each context on nine variables in order to rank and
compare humanitarian access worldwide.
How are the access levels being calculated?
Our methodology groups 9 indicators under 3 dimensions:
PILLAR 1: Access of people in need to humanitarian aid
• Denial of existence of humanitarian needs or entitlements to assistance
• Restriction and obstruction of access to services and assistance
PILLAR 2: Access of humanitarian actors to affected population
• Impediments to enter the country (bureaucratic and administrative).
• Restriction of movement within the country (impediments to freedom of movement and/or administrative restrictions)
• Interference into implementation of humanitarian activities
• Violence against humanitarian personnel, facilities, and assets
PILLAR 3: Security and physical constraints
• Ongoing insecurity or hostilities affecting humanitarian assistance
• Presence of landmines, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), explosive remnants of war (ERW), and unexploded ordnance (UXOs)
• Physical constraints in the environment (obstacles related to terrain, climate, lack of infrastructure, etc.).
Each indicator is scored on a 0 to 3 scale.
Where there is no information for a specific indicator, it is logged as "Information Gap".
The overall access score by country is ranked
according to the following scale:
5 - Extreme access constraints
4 - Very high access constraints
3 - High access constraints
2 - Moderate access constraints
1 - Low access constraints
0 - No significant access constraints
Mixed Methods Analyst