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HUMANITARIAN

ACCESS

OVERVIEW

A snapshot of the most challenging contexts

Our analysts looked into nine variables to rank and compare the humanitarian access levels worldwide


Affected populations in more than 40 countries are not getting proper humanitarian assistance due to access constraints 


Physical constraints and hostilities affecting humanitarian assistance are the most common challenges

Where are the biggest access constraints?

ERITREA

SYRIA

VENEZUELA

YEMEN

AFGHANISTAN

CAR 

DPRK 

DRC 

LIBYA 

PALESTINE 

SOMALIA 

SOUTH SUDAN

inaccessible 

countries

4

8

nearly

inaccessible 

countries

The denial of needs by the authorities prevents humanitarian actors from entering Eritrea and Venezuela, at the same time hinders access to information.

The most common access challenges among these countries are restriction of movement within the country, and restriction of access to services and assistance. 

The distribution of aid is heavily hampered in Syria and Yemen due to the ongoing conflict, frequent attacks against humanitarian workers, and presence of mines. 

This has a direct impact on the 1.5 million people that live in hard to reach areas in Syria, while in Yemen, in addition to ongoing insecurity, high prices and low availability of fuel severely hampers movement.

Violence against personnel, facilities and assets is a critical issue in Afghanistan, CAR, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen.

In CAR kidnapping of humanitarian workers is at one of the highest rates in the world.

How are the access levels being calculated?

Our methodology groups 

9 variables under 3 dimensions

• Impediments to entry

• Restriction of movement

• Interference with activities

• Violence against personnel

1. Access of humanitarian actors to affected population 

2. Access of people in need to humanitarian aid

3. Security and physical constraints

Each variable is given a score from 0 to 3, and marked with an X when there is an information gap identified

The overall access score by country is ranked according to the following scale:


0 - No constraints

1 - Accessible with low constraints 

2 - Accessible with moderate constraints 

3 - Accessible with high constraints 

4 - Nearly inaccessible 

5 - Inaccessible 

• Denial of needs

• Restriction of population’s access to aid

• Active hostilities

• UXO and mines

• Physical constraints

Contact


Angeliki Nika, Senior Analyst

an(at)acaps.org