DECEMBER 2021

HUMANITARIAN ACCESS OVERVIEW

A snapshot of the most challenging contexts

Over the past six months, the humanitarian access situation has deteriorated considerably in 

Cameroon, Colombia, DPRK, Ukraine, and Venezuela, among others.

The overall access score by country is ranked according to the following scale:

5 - Extreme access constraints

4 - Very high access constraints

3 - High access constraints 

2 - Moderate access constraints 

1 - Low access constraints 

0 - No significant access constraints

Where are the biggest access constraints?

09

countries with extreme access constraints

AFGHANISTAN

CAMEROON

ERITREA

ETHIOPIA

MALI

NIGERIA

PALESTINE

SYRIA

VENEZUELA

16

countries with high access constraints

BANGLADESH

BURKINA FASO

CHAD
HAITI

HONDURAS

INDONESIA
IRAN

KENYA

LEBANON

LIBYA

MEXICO

MOZAMBIQUE

NICARAGUA

SUDAN

THAILAND

TURKEY




11

countries with veryhigh access constraints

CAR

COLOMBIA

DPRK

DRC

IRAQ

MYANMAR

NIGER

SOMALIA

SOUTH SUDAN

UKRAINE

YEMEN

The most affected indicators in the last six months are “restrictions and obstruction of access

to services and assistance” and “environmental constraints”.

Our analysts scored each context on nine variables in order to rank and

compare humanitarian access worldwide. 

How are the access levels being calculated?

Our methodology groups 9 indicators under 3 dimensions:

Each indicator is given a score from 0–3 and marked with ‘X’ when there is insufficient information to determine a score.

1

PILLAR 1    Access of people in need to aid

• Denial of existence of humanitarian needs or entitlements to assistance

• Restriction and obstruction of access to services and assistance

2

PILLAR 2    Access of humanitarian agencies to people in need

• Impediments to enter the country (bureaucratic and administrative). 

• Restriction of movement within the country (impediments to freedom of movement and/or administrative restrictions)

• Interference into implementation of humanitarian activities

• Violence against humanitarian personnel, facilities, and assets

3

PILLAR 3    Physical, environmental, and security constraints

• Ongoing insecurity or hostilities affecting humanitarian assistance

• Presence of landmines, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), explosive remnants of war (ERW), and unexploded ordnance (UXOs)

• Physical constraints in the environment (obstacles related to terrain, climate, lack of infrastructure, etc.).

Contact

Claudia Manili

Data Analyst & Humanitarian Access Focal Point

cm@acaps.org