JULY 2021

HUMANITARIAN ACCESS OVERVIEW

A snapshot of the most challenging contexts

Over the past six months, the humanitarian access situation has deteriorated considerably in 

Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, Palestine, and Somalia

Where are the biggest access constraints?

10

countries with extreme access constraints

AFGHANISTAN

ERITREA

ETHIOPIA

MALI

MYANMAR

NIGERIA

PALESTINE

SOMALIA

SYRIA

YEMEN

15

countries with high access constraints

BURKINA FASO

BANGLADESH

COLOMBIA

HONDURAS

HAITI

LEBANON

LIBYA

MEXICO

NICARAGUA

PAKISTAN

DPRK

CHAD

THAILAND

TURKEY

UKRAINE



09

countries with veryhigh access constraints

CAR

CAMEROON

DRC

IRAQ

MOZAMBIQUE

NIGER

SUDAN

SOUTH SUDAN

VENEZUELA

The most affected indicators in the last six months are 'restrictions and obstruction of access

to services and assistance' and 'physicals constraints in the environment'

Our analysts scored each context on nine variables in order to rank and

compare humanitarian access worldwide. 

How are the access levels being calculated?

Our methodology groups 9 indicators under 3 dimensions:

PILLAR 1:  Access of people in need to humanitarian aid

• Denial of existence of humanitarian needs or entitlements to assistance

• Restriction and obstruction of access to services and assistance

PILLAR 2: Access of humanitarian actors to affected population

• Impediments to enter the country (bureaucratic and administrative). 

• Restriction of movement within the country (impediments to freedom of movement and/or administrative restrictions)

• Interference into implementation of humanitarian activities

• Violence against humanitarian personnel, facilities, and assets

PILLAR 3: Security and physical constraints

• Ongoing insecurity or hostilities affecting humanitarian assistance

• Presence of landmines, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), explosive remnants of war (ERW), and unexploded ordnance (UXOs)

• Physical constraints in the environment (obstacles related to terrain, climate, lack of infrastructure, etc.).

Each indicator is given a score from 0–3 and marked with ‘X’

when there is insufficient information to determine a score.

The overall access score by country is ranked according to the following scale:

5 - Extreme access constraints

4 - Very high access constraints

3 - High access constraints 

2 - Moderate access constraints 

1 - Low access constraints 

0 - No significant access constraints

Contact

Claudia Manili

Data Analyst & Humanitarian Access Focal Point

cm@acaps.org