What is the humanitarian access situation across the globe?
Read our analysis by clicking on the country of your interest
5 - Extreme access constraints
4 - Very high access constraints
3 - High access constraints
2 - Moderate access constraints
1 - Low access constraints
0 - No significant access constraints
The overall access score by country is ranked according to the following scale:
Disclaimer: narratives are provided only for those countries facing high, very high, or extremes access constraints.
Between July and end of October 2022, crisis-affected populations in more than 80 countries have not been receiving the humanitarian assistance they needed, because of access constraints.
Over 30 countries recorded high to extreme access constraints
How many countries in each continent are in a deteriorating, stable or improving status?
countries with extreme access constraints
countries with veryhigh access constraints
countries with high access constraints
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Over the past six months, the humanitarian situation has deteriorated in Burkina Faso, Bangladesh, Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, Ethiopia, Libya and Niger, amongst others
Compare the indicator's score for selected countries
Select the countries from the menu (max 5 countries can be selected). Each indicator is scored from 0 to 3
How are the access levels being calculated?
Our methodology groups 9 indicators under 3 dimensions: each indicator is given a score from 0–3 and X when there is an information gap. The model then combines the indicators in pillars, where they get a final score on a scale of 0–5.
PILLAR 1Access of people in need to aid
• Denial of existence of humanitarian needs or entitlements to assistance
• Restriction and obstruction of access to services and assistance
Which countries had the most significant change in Pillar 1 compared to the last report?
Humanitarian access has been deteriorating over the past six months due to increased activity of non-state armed groups. Many have been imposing lockdowns, which last several weeks and constitute one of the main constraints on the movement of civilians (and humanitarian organisations) in the areas affected.
Reports of voluntary returns of Syrian refugees to unsafe places continue to be reported and deportations of Afghan nationals increased. However, this did not go along with a denial of humanitarian entitlement to assistance, improving the Pillar 1 score for the reporting period
Although highly constrained, humanitarian access has improved in Ukraine due to areas becoming newly accessible following advances by Ukrainian forces. At the same time, humanitarian access in NGCAs is severely restricted, with little detailed information on the nature of the constraints
"In Cameroon, the persistence of lockdowns imposed by non-state armed groups, which would last several weeks, is one of the main constraints on the movement of civilians, limiting access to services for people in need. Several attacks on students and staff by armed separatist groups in recent months further limited access to school"
PILLAR 2 Access of humanitarian agencies to people in need
• Impediments to enter the country
• Restriction of movement within the country
• Interference into implementation of humanitarian activities
• Violence against humanitarian personnel, facilities, and assets
Which countries had the most significant change in Pillar 2 compared to the last report?
Since June, there has been no significant reporting on incentives and fees on the delivery of humanitarian aid. Also, there has been only one report on the confiscation of humanitarian aid, compared to several incidents in the period January-June. This allowed for an improvement in the score of Pillar 2
Humanitarian access has deteriorated in the past six months, as armed groups expanded their area of influence and activity across the country. Convoys for the delivery of aid in areas surrounded by armed groups have been often attacked, with supplies stolen by armed groups, resulting in fewer convoys travelling to deliver food and aid because of insecurity.
Conflict in the Maguindanao province in the Mindanao Islands resulted in movement restrictions in the province, increasing the score for Pillar 2. Checkpoints and additional police personnel were set up as a response to armed group attacks. The Philippines military also instructed humanitarian agencies to temporarily halt their activities in several municipalities during their operations.
"Since June, in Burkina Faso at least four aid workers have been kidnapped, one injured, and one killed. Attacks on health structures and threats and intimidation against health personnel, particularly in Sahel region, have prompted many health workers to flee making access to health services even more limited."
PILLAR 3Physical, environmental, and security constraints
• Ongoing insecurity or hostilities affecting humanitarian assistance
• Presence of landmines, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), explosive remnants
of war (ERW), and unexploded ordnance (UXOs)
• Physical constraints in the environment
Which countries had the most significant change in Pillar 3 compared to the last report?
Heavy rains caused by tropical cyclones have resulted in flooding, landslides, and damage to power supply systems, increasing the score for pillar 3. In addition, high fuel and commodity prices led to protests during June and July. This limited freedom of movement of people to access services and aid.
The Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcano in Tonga erupted on 15 January 2022, triggering a transoceanic tsunami. The incident resulted in severe environmental access constraints such as difficulties in humanitarian assessments due the damage of communications and power infrastructures. Such issues were not observed in the last six months, hence the decrease in score for Pillar 3.
The rainy season has caused flooding in several states, affecting critical infrastructure and people in need movement. Fuel shortages hampering the movement of Venezuelans in need of assistance was also reported in the past six months. These environmental and logistical constraints increased the score for pillar 3.
"In Haiti, fuel shortages affect health assistance. Humanitarian workers are unable to move around, causing medicine, oxygen, and life-saving equipment shortages. Power plants in medical centers also depend on fuel, leaving at least three-quarters of major hospitals without power and unable to function"